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Indonesia : Palembang Continues Effort to Develop Climate Action Plan during the COVID-19 Pandemic

On 14 – 15 April 2020, the IUC Asia programme held consultation meeting with Palembang city to support the development of the city’s Climate Action Plan (CAP). Hosted by Environmental Agency, the meeting was attended by various city agencies of Palembang related to climate action, namely the Planning Agency, the Agriculture Agency, the Public Work Agency, the Industry & Trade Agency, the Transportation Agency, and the Public Housing Agency.  During the meeting, the Centre for Climate Risk and Opportunity Management (CCROM) – the technical partner of the IUC Asia programme – presented the progress of the CAP work and took the lead in the discussion session. Due to the current COVID-19 restriction in Palembang (five people meetings’ maximum), the gatherings were held in several batches. CCROM and IUC Asia Helpdesk joined the meeting through an online platform, while the local university assisted through face-to-face meetings with city stakeholders.

CCROM highlighted GHG emission trend between 2016 and 2018, where annual carbon emission decreased slightly from 2016 to 2017 and remained flat to 2018.  The energy sector continues to be the dominant source of Palembang’s GHG emissions, accounting for 89% of net emissions. Within this sector, stationary energy accounts for 73%, comprising electricity (34%); fuel combustion in urea fertilizer producer  (34%); and the rest are associated to fuel combustion both in residential & industrial building.  The transportation sector contributes 16% of the net emission, which mostly come from on-road transportation.

The projected 2030 emission, which applies the average Palembang’s GHG emissions for 2016-2018 as the base year, was demonstrated. It represented a Business-as-Usual (BAU) scenario assuming none of the mitigation measures are implemented.

The session continued with the discussion on mitigation projects in the pipeline developed by respected city agencies. CCROM underlined the need for respected agencies to provide a set of documents (document of planning, implementation, and monitoring) for the projects. Also, it was important to differentiate the mitigation action financed by own resources and additional support.  That information was necessary to complete and improve the on-going developed CAP.

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