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Indonesia: Depok Sets Forth to Define Its Mitigation Target in Developing the City’s Climate Action Plan

To design well-target climate mitigation plans, Depok has completed its greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory from the period of 2016 to 2019. As the next step, Depok now establishes the city’s carbon emissions reduction target. Setting the target through an accurate and thorough GHG inventory depicts a city’s commitment to managing its carbon footprint.

An in-person meeting took place on 22 October 2020 by complying with COVID-19 health protocols. Hosted by the city’s Environmental Agency, the main objective of the meeting was to discuss the emission reduction target.   Various official city agencies related to the development of city climate actions attended the meeting, which are Planning Agency, Transportation Agency, the Public Work Agency, the Industry and Trade Agency, the Transportation Agency, Agriculture Agency,  and Regional Agency for Disaster Management to name a few.

In the meeting, CCROM IPB as IUC Asia’s technical partner shared about the profile of GHG emissions in Depok based on their calculation. Depok’s annual carbon emissions have increased from 3.7 million in 2016 to 4.4 million in 2019. The stationary energy sector, including the indirect emission, persists in being the dominant source of Depok’s GHG emissions. It accounts for 64% of net emissions, which mostly come from residential (46%).  The transportation sector contributed 26 % of the net emissions, along with the waste sector which contributed 9%.

The meeting then discussed the approach to set the emission reduction target. While GHG inventory helps prioritize which sectors we have to address in designing climate mitigation plans, all participants in the meeting agreed that all-level policy objectives that are in line with our mission (for instance, the shift to utilize renewable energy in all public transportation) should be taken into consideration for a more relevant and ambitious emission reduction target. A city’s mitigation targets should also adequately reflect its contribution to the climate goals defined in Indonesia‘s NDC.

All existing, on-going, and planned city mitigations projects have been carefully reviewed in the meeting to estimate its contribution to the overall GHG reduction. CCROM emphasized to monitor the implementation of the projects. The discussion then finalized the interim target of a 11% emission reduction by 2030 against a BAU baseline scenario. The refinement would be further carried out to incorporate the other potential mitigation projects, including the project with additional financing aid and technology support.

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