Under the framework of the GCoM Asia Project, the GCoM SEA Secretariat successfully organised a series of public consultations on Climate Action Plan (CAP) development in four (4) Indonesian pilot cities: Tangerang (6 February 2023), Medan (9 February 2023), Pontianak (13 February 2023), and North Minahasa (9 March 2023). The series of events were organised following the completion of two training sessions on climate change adaptation and mitigation in 2022, facilitated by the Centre for Climate Risk and Opportunity Management in Southeast Asia Pacific (CCROM-SEAP) IPB University as GCoM SEA technical partner. Attended by Cities’ Climate Change Working Groups and other relevant stakeholders, the public consultation was aimed to gather inputs and feedback toward the CAP drafts.
Tangerang, 6 February 2023 | The public consultation series began in Tangerang, which is located closest to the Capital City of Jakarta compared to the other three cities. There were 36 participants, which comprised local government officials, non-governmental organisations, and community representatives gathered in Mercure Tangerang City Center to understand the process of CAP development of Tangerang City. The session started with opening remarks from the Delegation of European Union (EUD) to Indonesia, the GCoM Southeast Asia Secretariat, and the Tangerang City Government.
Representing the EUD Indonesia was Henriette Faergemann as the Attaché of Environment, Climate, and ICT of the EUD Indonesia who appreciated the efforts of the Tangerang City Government in enhancing their commitment to climate actions. On behalf of Dr. Bernadia Irawati Tjandradewi (Sceretary-General of UCLG ASPAC/GCoM SEA), Rendy Primrizqi highlighted the achievements of Tangerang, as the GCoM signatory since 2019, with their climate actions. Through a video message, Mayor Arief Rachadiono Wismansyah delivered his remarks, in which he emphasised the importance of synergy and collaboration in facing climate change as a collective challenge.
The presentation on climate change adaptation and mitigation action plans marked the beginning of the panel discussion. Representatives from Tangerang’s Climate Change Working Group shared the city’s conditions and challenges in enhancing climate adaptation efforts, acknowledging seven (7) districts with very high climate risks. Due to unprecedented weather shifts, drought and floods are prone to happen in several areas. In response to this issue, Tangerang has carried out some activities to increase society’s capacity in the aspects of sanitation and education. While on climate mitigation, Tangerang introduced three main sectors that produce a large amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: energy, Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU), and waste. To limit the GHG emission, the city will propose some strategies through the development of waste-to-energy facilities, utilisation of electric cars for government officials’ vehicles, and improvement in waste management facilities.
Medan, 9 February 2023 | The public consultation series proceeded with Medan; held at Aryaduta Hotel Medan, which was located across from the Medan City Government Office. The EUD Indonesia was represented by Seth van Doorn (Project Manager of Foreign Policy Instrument of the European Union Delegation to Indonesia) who appreciated the work of Medan’s Climate Change Working Group in gathering climate adaptation and mitigation data. In light of this, Rendy representing UCLG ASPAC/GCoM’s Secretariat, further highlighted that Medan is the fastest and most comprehensive in completing the data. Representing the Mayor of Medan, Ferry Ichsan (General Administrative Assistant of Medan City Government), highlighted the flood problems in Medan caused by increased rainfall and extreme climate change.
Medan’s Development Planning Agency has formulated a programme to enhance the city’s resilience to climate risks and impacts. The programme includes the development of electric public transportation, the procurement of smart lamps, investments in Waste-to-Energy Power Plants (PLTSa), and low-emission public transportation. Additionally, the programme emphasises the importance of education, society, and technology in addressing environmental impacts. The action plan is expected to be implemented to enhance the resilience and adaptability of Medan to climate change. Collaboration among stakeholders in Medan is expected to help address climate change impacts and achieve goals faster.
Pontianak, 13 February 2023 | The series of public consultations was concluded in Pontianak, located in Borneo/Kalimantan. The event was blessed with the presence of Mayor Edi Rusdi Kamtono who officially opened the event. He highlighted three issues faced by the city, such as flooding, waste management, and renewable energy.
The Pontianak government has planned a Mitigation Action Plan to reduce GHG emissions in four key sectors: energy, industry, AFOLU, and waste. The plan includes 13 criteria to evaluate the effectiveness of various actions, such as using low-emission vehicles, installing energy-efficient streetlights, managing waste, and promoting green spaces. The plan considers the increasing trend of greenhouse gas emissions and considers data from 2010 as a baseline for predicting future emissions.
The largest contributor to GHG emissions in Pontianak is the energy sector, with sub-sectors such as transportation on the rise, but with decreased emissions during the COVID-19 pandemic. The forestry and land use sector previously had a net carbon sink, but the decomposition of peatlands is now contributing to emissions. The waste sector has also seen an increase in emissions, particularly from industrial, solid, and domestic waste. The Mitigation Action Plan provides various solutions, such as low-emission vehicles, energy-efficient lighting, waste management, mass transportation, and promoting green spaces. Actions aimed at households include providing energy-efficient electronics, implementing audits for office buildings, and promoting smart buildings. The plan also focuses on controlling the use of space and implementing sustainable land-use systems.
North Minahasa, 9 March 2023 | The series of public consultations was concluded in North Minahasa Regency, North Sumatera Province. Amongst the 4 pilot cities, North Minahasa is the only one that holds the title of both GCoM signatory and UCLG ASPAC member. This in-person event was attended by 79 participants consisting of local government representatives, working groups, university lecturers, and community representatives. The amount mentioned above makes this event the most attended GCoM pilot cities’ public consultation in Indonesia.
On behalf of North Minahasa Regent, Alan Mingkit (Regional Assistant on Development Economy of North Minahasa Regency) sent his appreciation towards GCoM SEA and the EUD Indonesia. He mentioned the vulnerability and risk of climate change in North Minahasa where storms, floods, and droughts cause various disruptions in the social aspect. Hence, it is important to enhance the capacity of North Minahasa regency Government officials as well as relevant stakeholders through CAP training. He also encouraged active participation and collaboration to polish the existing CAP draft.
The panel discussion was kickstarted with a presentation from Marthen Sumampouw (Head of the Environment Department of North Minahasa Regency), representing the climate change working group. North Minahasa as a regency with a high chance of drought and flood has done various initiatives in enhancing its capability to mitigate the risk of climate change. Mitigation actions, such as sustainable waste management through 3R, Materials Recovery Facility (MRF), car-free days, low-carbon transportation, and green-open area enhancement have been done to decrease the amount of GHG emissions. Adaptation actions through risk analysis and climate change risk map have also been utilised to minimise the risk and increase the preparedness to overcome the disaster. Feedback was received from community groups that the local government also needs to validate data on climate resilience.
Written by: Naura Hasna Farhatani & Nicole Accalia Angriawan
Reviewed by: Rona Ikram Putri